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Fake News and Media Bias: Home

Fake News & Media Bias

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Friday 8:30am - 4:30 pm
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Difference between Fake News & Media Bias

Media bias differs from fake news. Fake news is without basis or fact. Media bias presents facts, but does so selectively. Media bias tries to encourage the audience to think in a particular way and can include language that sensationalizes.

Beware of Adjectives & Experts

Word choice is a key tool media uses to subtly convey bias. Adjectives added to headlines can create bias. Headlines should be factual and unbiased because biased headlines can be misleading, conveying excitement when the story is not exciting, expressing approval or disapproval.

Media use experts and analysts to lend credibility to their story. Think about where the person's expertise coming from? Are they a government official, a think tank spokesman or an academic? Be expert does not mean unbiased.

Evaluating Sources

Look for currency, relevance, authority, accuracy and purpose.

  • Currency - is this a recent article, if the article is not recent, the claims may no longer be relevant or have been proven wrong
  • Relevance - is the article relevant, some articles may appear to be addressing a current topic but you must read past the headline to determine relevance
  • Authority - who is the author, what are the author's credentials, what is the domain of the website (websites can mimic a legitimate source -  look carefully), is it blog or a news source. is the website satirical or a hoax
  • Accracuy - is this article from an unbiased source and can the content be verified by multiple sources (if it appears in only one publication with no links to sources, it is very likely to be inaccurate especially with images that are shared)
  • Purpose - does this article provoke an emotional response because the intent of a valid news sources is to inform (inaccurate news articles are often written for the sole purpose of provoking an emotion such as anger, outrage, fear, happiness, excitement)

Some red flags to be aware of...

  • Clickbait - lots of ads or pop-up banners
  • Fake domains mimicking real websites such as

There are several sources you can consult to fact-check claims on dubious websites and social media:

A Pulitzer Prize-winning website, which rates the accuracy of claims made by elected officials and other public figures who speak on political matters

A nonpartisan site monitoring the accuracy of what is said by major U.S. political players in TV ads, debates, speeches, interviews and news releases

The definitive internet reference source for urban legends, folklore, myths, rumors, and misinformation; usually the first to report the facts

Sample of CCC Library eBooks
Sample of CCC Library Books